Climate Change and Its Impact on Jakarta

Climate change can be defined as changes in the surface temperature over a long period of time. It also changes in the rainfall, wind patterns, and extreme weather.Climate change can be caused by various factors ranging from natural events to human activities (anthropogenic).

Climate change is becoming an environmental problem because it harms humans and life on earth. One of the biggest impacts of climate change is the melting of glaciers in the north and south poles. The area covered by icebergs slowly melts and the layers become thinner. The melting glaciers in large scaleleads tothe increasing of sea leveland threatens human life on the coast and terrestrial ecosystem.

Rising sea levels pose several dangers to human life alike natural disasters. The effects of rising sea levels include:destructive abrasion, contamination of agricultural land and freshwater habitats (e.g.fish, birds and plants) with salt water, and tidal flood in the lowlands near the coast.

Climate change is also exacerbated by several issues, such as in Jakarta which is constantly under pressure from various problems as a metropolitan city, including high population growth, massive land conversion, and the exploitation of groundwater to meet urban needs. As a result, Jakarta is vulnerable to the threat of climate change, particularly floods and sea level rise.